Human brain is different from brains of other animals, but it's not absolutely unique.
Many features of the human brain and abilities based on them exist for other animals.
For example, it is not uniquely human to perceive the world through meanings, although what makes human communication different is it's symbolic aspects, based on abstract thinking of the highest order.
Emotions and rationality - two sides of one coin (social intuitionism)
Brain is ingenious in helping us survive but it also constantly creates problems (cravings for things that hurt us, unable to tell if we re failing or on the right track, perceiving same things different under different circumstances)
Science of studying the brain with the brain - bound to have problems
A lot of our problems are connected with Thought patterns that one can become aware of and change
Changing our brain's automatic reaction. When we don't like somebody's actions, we can assume bad intent and fall back on the "mean and stupid" explanation OR we can go beyond simplistic explanations and look for deeper reason. We can think of ways when we acted in a similar way or imagine circumstances when we could act in a similar way. Changing this mental habit can happen through rewiring the brain to interpret situations we encounter differently.
Human brains works to protect people in case of trauma. It divides and hides different parts of a traumatic memory, that is why it is difficult to for us to reconstruct such a memory as a coherent story with details.
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